The keyboard action of an acoustic grand piano is composed of black and white keys, graded hammers, and numerous other components working in harmony when each note is pressed. This beautifully designed mechanism allows gifted pianists to express a wealth of feeling and emotion in their music, as they appreciate and respond to the tactile nuances transmitted through the keyboard.
The shell almost invariably has a circular opening over which the drumhead is stretched, but the shape of the remainder of the shell varies widely. In the western musical tradition, the most usual shape is a cylinder, although timpani, for example, use bowl-shaped shells.[1] Other shapes include a frame design (tar, Bodhrán), truncated cones (bongo drums, Ashiko), goblet shaped (djembe), and joined truncated cones (talking drum).
The five-piece kit is the full entry-level kit and the most common configuration. It adds a third tom to the bass drum/snare drum/two toms set, making three toms in all. A fusion kit will normally add a 14" tom, either a floor tom or a hanging tom on a stand to the right of the bass drum; in either case, making the tom lineup 10", 12" and 14". Having three toms enables drummers to have a low-pitched, middle-register and higher-pitched tom, which gives them more options for fills and solos.
Electronic drum pads are the second most widely used type of MIDI performance controllers, after electronic music keyboards.[19]:319–320 Drum controllers may be built into drum machines, they may be standalone control surfaces (e.g., rubber drum pads), or they may emulate the look and feel of acoustic percussion instruments. The pads built into drum machines are typically too small and fragile to be played with sticks, and they are usually played with fingers.[20]:88 Dedicated drum pads such as the Roland Octapad or the DrumKAT are playable with the hands or with sticks, and are often built to resemble the general form of a drum kit. There are also percussion controllers such as the vibraphone-style MalletKAT,[20]:88–91 and Don Buchla's Marimba Lumina.[21]
This guitar has got a maple C-shape neck with a 9.5-inch radius and 20 medium jumbo frets. Most bass playing occurs in the lower fret positions that make 20 frets ideal for bass playing. The single coil feature is quite simple to use and it will create both a bright and focused sound quality. If you are looking for a bass guitar that plays on a small scale, this is just the right one for you.
Types of bass lines vary widely, depending on musical style. However, the bass guitarist generally fulfills a similar role: anchoring the harmonic framework (often by emphasizing the roots of the chord progression) and laying down the beat in collaboration with the drummer and other rhythm section instruments. The importance of the bass guitarist and the bass line varies in different styles of music. In some pop styles, such as 1980s-era pop and musical theater, the bass sometimes plays a relatively simple part as the music emphasizes vocals and melody instruments. In contrast, in reggae, funk, or hip-hop, entire songs may center on the bass groove, and the bass line is usually prominent in the mix.

In piano lingo, “action” describes the way the piano keys feel when you press on them. With a digital piano, the closer the action is to that of an acoustic piano, the better. Semi-weighted action uses a spring to create the resistance felt when pressing a key and its rebound when you lift your finger. Hammer action uses a hammer mechanism like that found in an acoustic piano to replicate the feel. Graded, or progressive, hammer action takes that a step further by increasing the weight of the action as you descend to the lower notes on the keyboard. Using a keyboard with weighted action is beneficial for multiple reasons. It helps build finger strength while practicing (a spring-based action will only minimally address this), and it allows for more variation and musicality in the way you play a note. While a piano keyboard might look like nothing more than a bunch of on/off switches, in reality there’s a range of volumes and timbres that can be achieved depending on how quickly or strongly you depress the keys. Hammer action best replicates those possibilities.
A fill is a departure from the repetitive rhythm pattern in a song. A drum fill is used to "fill in" the space between the end of one verse and the beginning of another verse or chorus. Fills vary from a simple few strokes on a tom or snare, to a distinctive rhythm played on the hi-hat, to sequences several bars long that are short virtuosic drum solos. As well as adding interest and variation to the music, fills serve an important function in preparing and indicating significant changes of sections in songs and linking sections. A vocal cue is a short drum fill that introduces a vocal entry. A fill ending with a cymbal crash on beat one is often used to lead into a chorus or verse.
Like the electric guitar, the electric bass guitar is almost always connected to an amplifier and a speaker with a patch cord for live performances. Electric bassists use either a "combo" amplifier, which combines an amplifier and a speaker in a single cabinet, or an amplifier and one or more speaker cabinets (typically stacked, with the amplifier sitting on the speaker cabinets, leading to the term "half-stack" for one cabinet setups and "full stack" for two).
On the other hand, perhaps you've worked hard to build your abilities and are finally ready to upgrade your kit to something a little more suitable to your skills. If that's the case, you may be interested in something like the PDP Concept Maple by DW 7-Piece Shell Pack. This pack is fueled by seriously warm depth and range, making it perfect for nearly any musical style. With its versatility, gorgeous looks, and punchy attack, this is a great option for a regularly gigging drummer.
When playing bass solos, rock and metal bassists sometimes use effects such as fuzz bass or a wah-wah pedal to produce a more pronounced sound. Notably, Cliff Burton of Metallica used both effects. Due to the lower range of the bass, bass guitar solos usually have a much lighter accompaniment than solos for other instruments. In some cases, the bass guitar solo is unaccompanied, or accompanied only by the drums.
For young children, parents are often inclined to start with a keyboard because they can be the least expensive. To decide whether or not this course of action is right for a young student, it’s good to have a conversation with that student’s music teacher. Often, music teachers would prefer that a child starts with a digital piano because they are going to have the requisite number of weighted keys and fewer distracting options. When a child learns to play on a keyboard, they may have a harder time adjusting to a digital or traditional piano. Music teachers also have preferences for which digital pianos they think are going to offer the best balance of sound and cost, and their experience with a particular instrument can certainly be helpful as your child learns. For these reasons, it’s always best to talk to a child’s music teacher before making a purchase. If your child has expressed an interest in learning to play the keyboard specifically, less expensive keyboards with fewer features can be a good place to start.
The number of frets installed on a bass guitar neck may vary. The original Fender basses had 20 frets, and most bass guitars have between 20 and 24 frets or fret positions. Instruments with between 24 and 36 frets (2 and 3 octaves) also exist. Instruments with more frets are used by bassists who play bass solos, as more frets gives them additional upper range notes. When a bass has a large number of frets, such as a 36 fret instrument, the bass may have a deeper "cutaway" to enable the performer to reach the higher pitches. Like electric guitars, fretted basses typically have markers on the fingerboard and on the side of the neck to assist the player in determining where notes and important harmonic points are. The markers indicate the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th fret and 12th fret (the 12th fret being the octave of the open string) and on the octave-up equivalents of the 3rd fret and as many additional positions as an instrument has frets for. Typically, one marker is on the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th fret positions and two markers on the 12th fret.

Traditional digital pianos vaguely resemble an electronic organ or a spinet harpsichord but usually lacking a fully enclosed lower section, while some models are based on the casework of traditional upright pianos with a fully enclosed bottom part and pedals that look like actual piano pedals. An opposite and recent trend is to produce an instrument which has a unique and distinctive appearance, unobtainable with a conventional instrument. Yamaha , Kawai and Casio makes a model which is designed to stand against a wall and is far shallower from keyboard to back than any possible upright design, as well as shorter height.


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A unique effect can be created by striking an open hi-hat (i.e., in which the two cymbals are apart) and then closing the cymbals with the foot pedal; this effect is widely used in disco and funk. The hi-hat has a similar function to the ride cymbal. The two are rarely played consistently for long periods at the same time, but one or the other is used to keep the faster-moving rhythms (e.g., sixteenth notes) much of the time in a song. The hi-hats are played by the right stick of a right-handed drummer. Changing between ride and hi-hat, or between either and a "leaner" sound with neither, is often used to mark a change from one passage to another, for example; to distinguish between a verse and chorus.

These are a sub-type of traditional digital pianos that offers a more classical design which closely resemble an acoustic upright piano. Upright digital pianos are mainly intended for home use, and is usually more expensive than the other types. Some models, especially the higher-end ones, often feature an actual wooden keys as opposed to regular plastic keybed.
At Sam Ash, we offer digital pianos for any type of budget. Premium models will offer features like weighted keys, LCD menus for simplified setup, and more after effects such as reverb. With weighted keys, the lower keys feel heavier and the higher keys feel lighter, just like you would find on acoustic models. Higher-end digital pianos will even offer keys made out of wood for a real premium response. Another specification to consider when it comes to choosing your piano is how many notes of polyphony is offered. Polyphony signifies the maximum number of notes that an instrument can produce at one time. If you are interested in layering notes, complex chords, and playing over accompaniment tracks, you should consider a model with higher polyphony. The amount of voices or different types of sounds and the quality of those sounds are also critical features that differentiate digital pianos. These days, most digital pianos offer more than just a traditional grand piano tone. Less expensive models will include four to five presets including strings, harpsichord, and drums. The top-of-the-line digital piano models can offer hundreds of different sounds spanning any genre of music you can think of. Other advanced features on today's best digital pianos include built-in recorders, compatibility with iOS apps for playing along with your favorite songs, and effects that simulate settings like lid positioning and performance venue. Be sure to check out our extensive Digital Piano Buyers Guide and our Digital Pianos: Everything You Need to Know article for further guidance on selecting the perfect digital piano for you.
But maybe you're looking for a kit that is truly special, one that will make jaws drop with its looks and ears perk up with its sounds. If that's what you have in mind, then you're really going to adore the DW Collector's Series Satin Specialty 5-Piece Shell Pack. This customizable kit is part of DW's flagship line, representing a pinnacle of performance power. This kit features maple shells that offer a great low-end punch and is absolutely loaded with massive tones and unparalleled versatility. Without a doubt, this kit makes the statement that you've arrived as a drummer. When you're pounding out the beat, you want it to sound great. That's why you should trust your sound to one of the great kits available here. Whether you're a first time drummer, or a legendary rocker headed on another world tour, we've got you covered.
The "Fender Bass" was a revolutionary new instrument for gigging musicians. In comparison with the large, heavy upright bass, which had been the main bass instrument in popular music, folk and country music from the early 1900s to the 1940s, the Fender bass could be easily transported to shows. The bass guitar was also less prone to unwanted feedback sounds when amplified, than acoustic bass instruments.[11] In 1953 Monk Montgomery became the first bass player to tour with the Fender bass guitar, in Lionel Hampton's postwar big band.[12] Montgomery was also possibly the first to record with the bass guitar, on 2 July 1953 with The Art Farmer Septet.[13] Roy Johnson (with Lionel Hampton), and Shifty Henry (with Louis Jordan & His Tympany Five), were other early Fender bass pioneers.[10] Bill Black, playing with Elvis Presley, switched from upright bass to the Fender Precision Bass around 1957.[14] The bass guitar was intended to appeal to guitarists as well as upright bass players, and many early pioneers of the instrument, such as Carol Kaye and Joe Osborn, were originally guitarists.[15]
On the other hand, perhaps you've worked hard to build your abilities and are finally ready to upgrade your kit to something a little more suitable to your skills. If that's the case, you may be interested in something like the PDP Concept Maple by DW 7-Piece Shell Pack. This pack is fueled by seriously warm depth and range, making it perfect for nearly any musical style. With its versatility, gorgeous looks, and punchy attack, this is a great option for a regularly gigging drummer.

Drum muffles are types of mutes that can reduce the ring, boomy overtone frequencies, or overall volume on a snare, bass, or tom. Controlling the ring is useful in studio or live settings when unwanted frequencies can clash with other instruments in the mix. There are internal and external muffling devices which rest on the inside or outside of the drumhead, respectively. Common types of mufflers include muffling rings, gels and duct tape, and improvised methods, such as placing a wallet near the edge of the head.[25] Some drummers muffle the sound of a drum by putting a cloth over the drumhead.
Single Bass Drum PedalsDrum Workshop 2000 Single Bass Drum PedalSee More Single Bass Drum PedalsDouble Bass Drum PedalsDrum Workshop Double Bass Drum PedalsPearl P3002D Eliminator Demon DriveDrum Workshop USA MDD Double Bass Drum PedalTama HP900PWN Iron Cobra Power GlideSee More Double Bass Drum PedalsCymbal StandsBoom StandsPacific Drums CB800 Cymbal Boom StandStraight Cymbal StandsSee More Cymbal StandsHi Hat StandsDrum Workshop 9500 Hi-Hat StandSee More Hi Hat StandsDrum ThronesCannon Percussion UP197 Double Braced Drum ThroneSee More Drum ThronesOther Drum HardwareGibraltar SC4420S Super Hi-Hat ClutchSee More Other Drum HardwareSee All Drum Hardware
Drummers' usage of electronic drum equipment can range from adding a single electronic pad to an acoustic kit (e.g., to have access to an instrument that might otherwise be impractical, such as a large gong), to using a mix of acoustic drums/cymbals and electronic pads, to using an acoustic kit in which the drums and cymbals have triggers, which can be used to sound electronic drums and other sounds, to having an exclusively electronic kit, which is often set up with the rubber or mesh drum pads and rubber "cymbals" in the usual drum kit locations. A fully electronic kit weighs much less and takes up less space to transport than an acoustic kit and it can be set up more quickly. One of the disadvantages of a fully electronic kit is that it may not have the same "feel" as an acoustic kit, and the drum sounds, even if they are high-quality samples, may not sound the same as acoustic drums.
The number of frets installed on a bass guitar neck may vary. The original Fender basses had 20 frets, and most bass guitars have between 20 and 24 frets or fret positions. Instruments with between 24 and 36 frets (2 and 3 octaves) also exist. Instruments with more frets are used by bassists who play bass solos, as more frets gives them additional upper range notes. When a bass has a large number of frets, such as a 36 fret instrument, the bass may have a deeper "cutaway" to enable the performer to reach the higher pitches. Like electric guitars, fretted basses typically have markers on the fingerboard and on the side of the neck to assist the player in determining where notes and important harmonic points are. The markers indicate the 3rd, 5th, 7th, 9th fret and 12th fret (the 12th fret being the octave of the open string) and on the octave-up equivalents of the 3rd fret and as many additional positions as an instrument has frets for. Typically, one marker is on the 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th fret positions and two markers on the 12th fret.
Various electronic bass effects such as preamplifiers, "stomp box"-style pedals and signal processors and the configuration of the amplifier and speaker can be used to alter the basic sound of the instrument. In the 1990s and early 2000s (decade), signal processors such as equalizers, overdrive devices (sometimes referred to as "fuzz bass"[54]), and compressors or limiters became increasingly popular. Modulation effects like chorus, flanging, phase shifting, and time effects such as delay and looping are less commonly used with bass than with electric guitar, but they are used in some styles of music.
Matt Abts • Alex Acuña • Daniel Adair • Chris Adler • Morgan Agren • Airto • Tommy Aldridge • Rashied Ali • Don Alias • Carl Allen • Cliff Almond • Barry Altschul • Robby Ameen • Scott Amendola • Animal • Charly Antolini • Carmine Appice • Vinny Appice • Kenny Aronoff • Billy Ashbaugh • Mick Avory • Marcel Bach • Colin Bailey • Donald Bailey • Ginger Baker • Jeff Ballard • Alex Bally • Joe La Barbera • Danny Barcelona • Travis Barker • Barriemore Barlow • Joey Baron • Ranjit Barot • Julio Barreto • Ray Barretto • Ray Bauduc • Eddie Bayers • Marcus Baylor • Frank Beard • Carter Beauford • Poogie Bell • Louie Bellson • Frank Bellucci • Brian Bennett • Han Bennink • Joe Bergamini • Tal Bergman • Jon "Bermuda" Schwartz • Ignacio Berroa • Pete Ray Biggin • Curt Bisquera • Gregg Bissonette • Jason Bittner • Roger Biwandu • Dave Black • James Black • Cindy Blackman • John Blackwell • Brian Blade • Hal Blaine • Art Blakey • Jason Bonham • John Bonham • Gergo Borlai • Paul Bostaph • Terry Branam • Dirk Brand • Jimmy Branly • Tom Brechtlein • Amir Bresler • Don Brewer • Gerry Brown • Bill Bruford • Ronald Bruner Jr. • Jack Bruno • Mark Brzezicki • Roy Burns • William Calhoun • Matt Cameron • Clayton Cameron • Gorden Campbell • Teddy Campbell • Tommy Campbell • Emmanuelle Caplette • Danny Carey • Keith Carlock • Bun E. Carlos • Karen Carpenter • Terri Lyne Carrington • Joey Castillo • Lenny Castro • Deen Castronovo • Big Sid Catlett • André Ceccarelli • Dave DiCenso • Gary Chaffee • Matt Chamberlain • Stephane Chamberland • Jimmy Chamberlin • Dennis Chambers • Ndugu Chancler • Jim Chapin • Gary Chester • Jon Christensen • Kenny Clare • Greg Clark • Mike Clark • Kenny Clarke • Tommy Clufetos • Jimmy Cobb • Billy Cobham • Vinnie Colaiuta • Cozy Cole • Chris Coleman • Cora Coleman-Dunham • Tony Coleman • Phil Collins • Aaron Comess • Luis Conte • Tré Cool • Ray Cooper • Stewart Copeland • Paulinho Da Costa • Kirk Covington • René Creemers • Adam Cruz • Abe Cunningham • Mickey Curry • Andrew Cyrille • Nick D'Virgilio • Paulinho Da Costa • Brann Dailor • Dino Danelli • Zach Danziger • Flo Dauner • Chris "Daddy" Dave • Mike Davila • Alan Dawson • Mikkey Dee • Barrett Deems • Jimmy DeGrasso • Adam Deitch • Jack DeJohnette • Kenwood Dennard • John Densmore • Liberty De Vitto • Wim De Vries • Dave DiCenso • Marko Djordjevic • Warren "Baby" Dodds • John Dolmayan • Peter Donald • Virgil Donati • Famadou Don Moye • Paul Douglas • Brian Downey • Hamid Drake • Martin Drew • The Drumbassadors • Billy Drummond • Aynsley Dunbar • Sly Dunbar • Mario Duplantier • Sheila E. • Phil Ehart • Dave Elitch • Paul Elliott • Sonny Emory • Peter Erskine • Dom Famularo • Pierre Favre • Steve Ferrone • Anton Fig • Vera Figueiredo • Sammy Figueroa • Larry Finn • Eric Fischer • Mick Fleetwood • D.J. Fontana • Hannah Ford • Shannon Forrest • Al Foster • Vernel Fournier • Panama Francis • Brian Frasier-Moore • Josh Freese • Kiko Freitas • Steve Gadd • James Gadson • Richie Gajate-Garcia • David Garibaldi • Matt Garstka • Bob Gatzen • Mel Gaynor • Leonard "Doc" Gibbs • Andy Gillmann • Daniel Glass • Evelyn Glennie • Jim Gordon • Danny Gottlieb • Jimmy DeGrasso • Rick Gratton • Eric Kamau Gravatt • Milford Graves • Benny Greb • Sonny Greer • Rayford Griffin • Dave Grohl • Freddie Gruber • Donny Gruendler • Mark Guiliana • Terreon Gully • Trilok Gurtu • Ralf Gustke • Tomas Haake • Wolfgang Haffner • Omar Hakim • Matt Halpern • Chico Hamilton • Jeff Hamilton • Lionel Hampton • Jake Hanna • Eric Harland • Buddy Harman • Gavin Harrison • Mickey Hart • Billy Hart • Steve Hass • Fritz Hauser • Roger Hawkins • Taylor Hawkins • Louis Hayes • Roy Haynes • Richie Hayward • Albert Tootie Heath • Hernan Hecht • Levon Helm • Don Henley • Joey Heredia • Horacio Hernandez • Raymond Herrera • Claus Hessler • Gerald Heyward • Giovanni Hidalgo • Billy Higgins • Jon Hiseman • Ari Hoenig • Gene Hoglan • Rodney Holmes • Steve Holmes • Steve Houghton • Boris Hrebtukov • Daniel Humair • Gary Husband • Zakir Hussain • Greg Hutchinson • Susie Ibarra • Tommy Igoe • Tris Imboden • Al Jackson • Huub Janssen • Bobby Jarzombek • Akira Jimbo • Jack DeJohnette • Mike Johnston • Daru Jones • Elvin Jones • Harold Jones • Hilary Jones • Papa Jo Jones • Philly Joe Jones • Randy Jones • Rufus "Speedy" Jones • Steve Jordan • Joey Jordison • Jonathan Joseph • Manu Katché • Senri Kawaguchi • Jim Keltner • Will Kennedy • Billy Kilson • George Kollias • Glenn Kotche • Joey Kramer • Bill Kreutzmann • Gene Krupa • Russ Kunkel • Joe La Barbera • Abe Laboriel jr. • Gene Lake • Don Lamond • Thomas Lang • Dave Langguth • Shannon Larkin • Pete LaRoca Sims • Karl Latham • Rick Latham • Trevor Lawrence Jr. • Ricky Lawson • Chris Layton • Tommy Lee • Felix M. Lehrmann • Paul Leim • Stan Levey • Larnell Lewis • Mel Lewis • Victor Lewis • Pete Lockett • Dave Lombardo • Larrie Londin • Hakim Ludin • Andy Lüscher • Ray Luzier • Mike Mangini • Shelly Manne • Brian "Brain" Mantia • Sherrie Maricle • Rick Marotta • Bill Marschall • John Marshall • Billy Martin • Pedrito Martinez • Ken Mary • Harvey Mason • Nick Mason • Pat Mastelotto • Dave Mattacks • Phil Maturano • JoJo Mayer • Marilyn Mazur • Nicko McBrain • Joe McCarthy • George "Spanky" McCurdy • Jason McGerr • Russ McKinnon • Marvin McQuitty • Buddy Miles • Butch Miles • Russ Miller • Marco Minnemann • Mike Mitchell • Mitch Mitchell • Joseph Ziggy Modeliste • Jonathan Moffett • Drori Mondlak • Keith Moon • Eric Moore • Stanton Moore • Steve Moore • Airto Moreira • Joe Morello • Rod Morgenstein • Joe Morris • Paul Motian • Alphonse Mouzon • Jonathan Mover • Don Moye • Moritz Mueller • Idris Muhammad • Larry Mullen Jr. • Narada • Lewis Nash • Sandy Nelson • Andy Newmark • Jost Nickel • Anika Nilles • Gary Novak • Adam Nussbaum • Volkan Öktem • Jamie Oldaker • Nigel Olsson • John Otto • Ian Paice • Carl Palmer • Earl Palmer • Francis Panama • Toss Panos • Chris Parker • Leon Parker • Vinnie Paul • Jim Payne • Sonny Payne • Lee Pearson • Neil Peart • Shawn Pelton • Clarence Penn • Chris Pennie • Armando Peraza • Karl Perazzo • Stephen Perkins • Charli Persip • Ralph Peterson • Pat Petrillo • Simon Phillips • Felix Pollard • Joe Porcaro • Jeff Porcaro • Mike Portnoy • Cozy Powell • Bobby Previte • Thomas Pridgen • Aquiles Priester • Dafnis Prieto • Tito Puente • Bernard "Pretty" Purdie • Alvin Queen • Jeff Queen • Questlove • Johnny Rabb • Tobias Ralph • Stanley Randolph • Rich Redmond • Raul Rekow • Walfredo Reyes • Walfredo Reyes, Jr. • Buddy Rich • Dannie Richmond • Sean Rickman • Alex Riel • Kariem Riggins • Ben Riley • Herlin Riley • Jim Riley • John Riley • Ringo • Chip Ritter • Max Roach • Lil John Roberts • John "J.R." Robinson • Pete LaRoca Sims • Derek Roddy • Mickey Roker • Bobby Rondinelli • Joel Rosenblatt • Tony Royster Jr. • Ilan Rubin • Phil Rudd • Daniel Sadownick • Bobby Sanabria • Antonio Sanchez • Poncho Sanchez • Mongo Santamaria • Robyn Schulkowsky • Mark Schulman • Jon Bermuda Schwartz • Robert "Sput" Searight • Denny Seiwell • Danny Seraphine • Paco Séry • Chad Sexton • Gil Sharone • Ed Shaughnessy • Michael Shrieve • Pete LaRoca Sims • Eric Singer • Zutty Singleton • Chad Smith • Marvin "Smitty" Smith • Nate Smith • Nick Smith • Steve Smith • Ash Soan • Glen Sobel • Ed Soph • Matt Sorum • Richard Spaven • Aaron Spears • David Stanoch • Zak Starkey • John "Jabo" Starks • Ringo Starr • Ronnie Stephenson • Bill Stewart • Nisan Stewart • Clyde Stubblefield • Fredy Studer • Todd Sucherman • James "The Reverend" Sullivan • Grady Tate • Art Taylor • Mel Taylor • Roger Taylor • John Tempesta • Jon Theodore • Aaron Thier • Ed Thigpen • Ian Thomas • Ahmir Questlove Thompson • Chester Thompson • Brian Tichy • Top Secret Drum Corps • Efrain Toro • Pat Torpey • Tico Torres • Dave Tough • Nat Townsley • Ron Tutt • Lars Ulrich • Vadrum Andrea Vadrucci • Christian Vander • Alex Van Halen • Ronnie Vannucci • Nana Vasconcelos • Carlos Vega • Glen Velez • Nicolas Viccaro • Johnny Vidacovich • Jimmy Vincent • Nick D'Virgilio • Wim De Vries • Chad Wackerman • Nasheet Waits • Narada Michael Walden • Bill Ward • Billy Ward • Kenny Washington • Derico Watson • Charlie Watts • Jeff "Tain" Watts • Chick Webb • Dave Weckl • Max Weinberg • Klaus Weiss • Paul Wertico • George Wettling • Alan White • Lenny White • Steve White • Pete Wilhoit • Brad Wilk • Tony Williams • Matt Wilson • Shadow Wilson • Kenny Wollesen • Sam Woodyard • Pete York • Pete Zeldman • Zoro
Prior to the invention of tension rods, drum skins were attached and tuned by rope systems—as on the Djembe—or pegs and ropes such as on Ewe Drums. These methods are rarely used today, though sometimes appear on regimental marching band snare drums.[1] The head of a talking drum, for example, can be temporarily tightened by squeezing the ropes that connect the top and bottom heads. Similarly, the tabla is tuned by hammering a disc held in place around the drum by ropes stretching from the top to bottom head. Orchestral timpani can be quickly tuned to precise pitches by using a foot pedal.

Electronic drum pads are the second most widely used type of MIDI performance controllers, after electronic music keyboards.[19]:319–320 Drum controllers may be built into drum machines, they may be standalone control surfaces (e.g., rubber drum pads), or they may emulate the look and feel of acoustic percussion instruments. The pads built into drum machines are typically too small and fragile to be played with sticks, and they are usually played with fingers.[20]:88 Dedicated drum pads such as the Roland Octapad or the DrumKAT are playable with the hands or with sticks, and are often built to resemble the general form of a drum kit. There are also percussion controllers such as the vibraphone-style MalletKAT,[20]:88–91 and Don Buchla's Marimba Lumina.[21]


Extended-range basses (ERBs) are basses with six to twelve strings—with the additional strings used for range rather than unison or octave pairs. A seven-string bass (B0–E1–A1–D2–G2–C3–F3) was built by luthier Michael Tobias in 1987. This instrument, commissioned by bassist Garry Goodman, was an early example of a bass with more than six single course strings. In 1999 South American ERB player Igor Saavedra designed one of the first eight-string ERBs known, and asked Luthier Alfonso Iturra to build it for him. [38] Conklin builds custom ERB basses.[39] The Guitarbass is a ten-string instrument with four bass strings (tuned E–A–D–G) and six guitar strings (tuned E–A–D–G–B–E).[40] Luthier Michael Adler built the first eleven-string bass in 2004 and completed the first single-course 12-string bass in 2005. Adler's 11- and 12-string instruments have the same range as a grand piano.[41] Subcontrabasses, such as C♯–F♯–B–E (the lowest string, C♯0 being at 17.32 Hz at around the limit of human hearing)[42] have been created. Ibanez had released SR7VIISC in 2009, featuring a 30-inch (762 mm) scale and narrower width, and tuned as B–E–A–D–G–C–E; the company dubbed it a cross between bass and guitar.[43][better source needed]


Casio definitely thought about the student/teacher relationship when designing the PX-160. It has a duet play mode, which splits the keyboard into two halves. Each half is the same octave range (about three and a half octaves per side), so a teacher can demonstrate on one side while the student plays on the other at the same pitch. Two headphone jacks allow both players to use headphones without the need for a splitter. If the speakers are being used, they can also be configured to output sound from the left keyboard side to the left speaker and vice versa.
Five strings usually tuned B0–E1–A1–D2–G2, providing extended lower range. Another common tuning on early 1970s five-string basses added a high note instead of a low note: E–A–D–G–C, known as tenor tuning. This tuning is still popular among jazz and solo bassists. Other tunings, such as C–E–A–D–G are rare. Some bassists like C as the lowest pitch because that's the lowest note on an upright bass with a C, and C is a common note in a few popular keys C (e.g., C major, G major, F major). Some players may detune the lowest string to B♭ or A. B♭ is common for bassists who play in brass bands, as B♭ is an important and common key for this type of ensemble. Relative to a four-string bass, the fifth string provides a greater lower range (with a low B, C, or A) or a greater upper range (with a high C or B is added) and provides more notes for any single hand position. The earliest five string was created by Fender in 1965. The Fender Bass V used the E–A–D–G–C tuning, but was unpopular and discontinued in 1970. The type of low B five-string was created by Jimmy Johnson as a custom instrument in 1975. He bought an E–A–D–G–C 5-string Alembic bass, replaced the nut, and used a new, thick low B string from GHS. Steinberger made a 5-string headless instrument called the L-2/5 in 1982, and later Yamaha offered the first production model as the BB5000 in 1984.
Although these kits may be small with respect to the number of drums used, the drums themselves are most often normal sizes, or even larger in the case of the bass drum. Kits using smaller drums in both smaller and larger configurations are also produced for particular uses, such as boutique kits designed to reduce the visual impact that a large kit creates or due space constraints in coffeehouses, travelling kits to reduce luggage volume, and junior kits for very young players. Smaller drums also tend to be quieter, again suiting smaller venues, and many of these kits extend this with extra muffling which allows quiet or even silent practice in a hotel room or bedroom.

If you want to learn to play the piano, digital pianos offer many benefits compared to acoustic grand pianos. Most digital pianos we sell offer split or dual mode. Engaging this feature separates the keyboard into two identical keyboards with the same notes and octave. This allows you to play along with your piano teacher so they can walk you through chords, melodies and full songs. Select models also offer built-in demo songs with step by step instructions on how to play them.

Instruments handmade by highly skilled luthiers are becoming increasingly available in the 2010s. Exotic materials in high-end instruments include woods such as bubinga, wenge, ovangkol, ebony, and goncalo alves. Some makers use graphite composite to make lightweight necks[23][24] More expensive basses often feature exotic woods. For example, Alembic uses cocobolo as a body or top layer material because of its attractive grain. Warwick bass guitars are well known for exotic hardwoods, making most necks out of ovangkol, and fingerboards from wenge or ebony. Some makers use solid bubinga bodies for their tonal and aesthetic qualities.
Many basses have just one pickup, typically a "P" or "MM" pickup, though single soapbars are not unheard of. Multiple pickups are also quite common, two of the most common configurations being two "J" pickups (as on the stock Fender Jazz), or a "P" near the neck and a "J" near the bridge (e.g., Fender Precision Bass Special, Fender Precision Bass Plus). A two-"soapbar" configuration is also very common, especially on basses by makes such as Ibanez and Yamaha. A combination of a J or other single-coil pickup at the neck and a Music Man-style humbucker in the bridge has become popular among boutique instrument builders, giving a very bright, focused tone that is good for jazz, funk and thumbstyle.

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Bassists often play a bass line composed by an arranger, songwriter or composer of a song—or, in the case of a cover song, the bass line from the original. In other bands—e.g., jazz-rock bands that play from lead sheets and country bands using the Nashville number system—bassists are expected to improvise or prepare their own part to fit the song's chord progression and rhythmic style.
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Bass solos are performed using a range of different techniques, such as plucking or fingerpicking. In the 1960s, The Who's bassist, John Entwistle, performed a bass break on the song "My Generation" using a plectrum. He originally intended to use his fingers, but could not put his plectrum down quickly enough.[citation needed] This is considered as one of the first bass solos in rock music, and also one of the most recognizable. Led Zeppelin's "Good Times Bad Times", the first song on their first album, contains two brief bass solos, occurring after the song's first and third choruses. Queen's bassist, John Deacon, occasionally played bass solos, such as on the song "Liar". Metallica's 1983 debut Kill Em All includes the song "(Anesthesia) Pulling Teeth," consisting entirely of a bass solo played by Cliff Burton.
No matter which digital piano you choose, you're in for something special. The instruments found on these pages all offer different features, so take a few minutes to think about your needs as a musician and go from there. Whether you go with a higher-end stage piano like the top-selling KAWAI MP11 Professional Piano or a student model Yamaha's NP12 61-Key Entry-Level Piaggero Ultra-Portable Digital Piano, any digital pianos here will enhance your musical journey.
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